What is the point of dictogloss?
The aim of a dictogloss is for a group of students to recreate a heard text by taking notes and pooling knowledge within a small group to reconstruct it in written form.
How do you teach dictogloss?
This is the process:
- The teacher reads a short text on a familiar topic at normal speed.
- The learners listen and take notes.
- The teacher repeats the reading.
- The learners form pairs and share their notes.
- The teacher reads the text a final time at normal speed.
What are the four stages of the dictogloss approach for teaching listening?
There are four stages: preparation, listening, reconstruction and analysis and correction. Each stage will now be described in more detail.
What does dictogloss meaning?
Dictogloss is a classroom dictation activity where learners are required to reconstruct a short text by listening and noting down key words, which are then used as a base for reconstruction.
What is bottom up and top down listening?
Lesson Summary Top down listening starts from the meaning and works backwards. Bottom up listening, on the other hand, focuses on the sounds and structures of language, putting words and sounds together to construct meaning.
What does schemata refer to in relation to a listening task?
Schemata is simply the link between all thoughts and concepts on a topic that we as humans possess.
What is shadow reading?
In shadow-reading, learners are arranged in pairs in the roles of Readers and Shadowers. Readers read from a text while Shadowers listen and then try to reproduce the text in various forms: repeating completely or selectively, interjecting interactive comments, summarizing orally, and retelling in written form.
What is drilling in teaching?
A drill is a classroom technique to aid memorisation by way of spaced repetition. Drills promote the acquisition of knowledge or skills through repetitive practice. Drill is a useful technique to introduce a new lesson and to familiarise learners with new concepts.
What are the three levels of listening?
3 LEVELS OF LISTENING
- Level 1: Internal Listening (Focused on Self) In this level, the listener is focused on themselves and their reactions to what the speaker is saying.
- Level 2: Focused Listening (Focused on Other)
- Level 3: Global Listening (Focused on context, and what isn’t being said)
What are examples of top-down listening strategies?
Other examples of common top-down listening activities include putting a series of pictures or sequence of events in order, listening to conversations and identifying where they take place, reading information about a topic then listening to find whether or not the same points are mentioned, or inferring the …
What does the term dumbing down refer to in relation to ELL reading materials?
What does the term “dumbing down” refer to in relation to ELL reading materials? Over-simplifying the content, rather than just making it easier to read.
What is controlled practice in ESL?
Controlled practice is a stage in a lesson where learners practise new language in a limited form. It can be compared to free practice, which involves learners producing language using the target content freely. The teacher has shown the learners the form and use of the past passive form.