What is the meaning of CSOM?
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is the result of an initial episode of acute otitis media and is characterized by a persistent discharge from the middle ear through a tympanic perforation. It is an important cause of preventable hearing loss, particularly in the developing world.
What is Tubotympanic CSOM?
Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media: Tubotympanic Disease (CSOM TT, COM Mucosal type) Dr. Krishna Koirala 2016-05-03. Definition • Pyogenic infection of middle ear cleft mucosa lasting for more than 3 months characterized by persistent perforation of pars tensa of tympanic membrane, ear discharge and decreased hearing.
What is ear toilet?
Aural toileting is a term describing a number of processes for manually cleaning the ear. Techniques used may include dry mopping (with cotton wool or tissue paper), suction clearance (typically under a microscope) or irrigation (using manual or automated syringing).
What is mastoid disease?
Mastoiditis is a bacterial infection of the mastoid air cells surrounding the inner and middle ear. The mastoid bone, which is full of these air cells, is part of the temporal bone of the skull.
Is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear?
Inflammatory diseases of the middle ear include a broad range of pathologic conditions, including acute otitis media (AOM; suppurative or nonsuppurative), bullous myringitis, granular myringitis, eosinophilic otitis media, and chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), with or without cholesteatoma.
What is the best treatment for chronic otitis media?
The only treatment for chronic otitis media and cholesteatoma is a surgery called tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy. There are no medicines that will cure these diseases. The primary goal of surgery for chronic otitis media and cholesteatoma is to remove all infection and cholesteatoma.
What causes chronic otitis media?
Chronic Otitis Media Causes Chronic otitis media often develops from an acute middle ear infection. In other cases, an ear injury or blockage in the Eustachian tube—the structure that connects the back of the nose to the middle ear—is the cause of chronic otitis media.
Can CSOM be cured?
Treatment. Treatments for CSOM may include topical antibiotics (administered into the ear) with or without steroids, systemic antibiotics (given either by mouth or by injection), topical antiseptics and ear cleaning (aural toileting), all of which can be used on their own or in various combinations.
Why does CSOM hurt?
The underlying pathology of CSOM is an ongoing cycle of inflammation, ulceration, infection and granulation. Acute infection of the middle ear causes irritation and inflammation of the mucosa of the middle ear with oedema. Inflammation produces mucosal ulceration and breakdown of the epithelial lining.
Which of the following is the term for the middle ear cavity?
Also known as the tympanic cavity, the middle ear is an air-filled, membrane-lined space located between the ear canal and the Eustachian tube, cochlea, and auditory nerve. The eardrum separates this space from the ear canal.
What is the function of the middle ear?
The primary function of the middle ear is to offset the decrease in acoustic energy that would occur if the low impedance ear canal air directly contacted the high-impedance cochlear fluid.