What are the rules for the Geneva Convention?
It requires humane treatment for all persons in enemy hands, without discrimination. It specifically prohibits murder, mutilation, torture, the taking of hostages, unfair trial, and cruel, humiliating and degrading treatment. It requires that the wounded, sick and shipwrecked be collected and cared for.
What is not allowed by the Geneva Convention?
The Geneva Conventions concern only prisoners and non-combatants in war; they do not address the use of weapons of war, which are instead addressed by the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, which concern conventional weapons, and the Geneva Protocol, which concerns biological and chemical warfare.
What happens if you break the Geneva Convention?
There is no “punishment” for breaking the Geneva Conventions. The conventions are not laws. They are conventions: standards of conduct which are observed by mutual agreement among nations. Nations may agree by treaty to observe the Geneva Conventions, but any such agreement is voluntary and may be rescinded.
Can civilians fight in wars?
Civilians are protected against direct attack unless, and for such time, as they directly participate in hostilities. Parties to an armed conflict must take all feasible precautions in determining whether a person is a civilian and, if that is the case, whether he or she is directly participating in hostilities.
Is it a war crime to shoot paratroopers?
The law of war does not prohibit firing upon paratroops or other persons who are or appear to be bound upon hostile missions while such persons are descending by parachute. Persons other than those mentioned in the preceding sentence who are descending by parachute from disabled aircraft may not be fired upon.
Is Pearl Harbor a war crime?
Japan and the United States were not then at war, although their conflicting interests were threatening to turn violent. The attack turned a dispute into a war; –Pearl Harbor was a crime because the Japanese struck first. Sixty years later, the administration of President George W.
Why is collective punishment wrong?
Collective punishment was counterproductive, provoking more occurrences of the undesired behavior. In no variation did collective punishment have a statistically significant effect on the likelihood of group members to punish one another internally to self-police or self-enforce group norms.