What is word formation pattern?
There are four main kinds of word formation: prefixes, suffixes, conversion and compounds.
How do you do word formation?
- Look at the word you have to change.
- The beginning of the word is often the same and the end of the word changes.
- What form is the new word?
- Nouns often end: -ment, -ion, -ness, -ity.
- People nouns often end: -er, -or, -ist, -ian.
- Adjectives often end: -able, -ible, -ive, -al, -ic, -ed, -ing.
What are prefixes in word formation?
A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word. Adding it to the beginning of one word changes it into another word. For example, when the prefix un- is added to the word happy, it creates the word unhappy.
What is vocabulary word formation?
In linguistics (particularly morphology and lexicology), word formation refers to the ways in which new words are formed on the basis of other words or morphemes. This is also known as derivational morphology.
What are the 5 types of word formation?
It is classified into five types, they are inflection, a process that adds grammatical information to existing words; suppletion, a total change of the root of words; derivation, a process that uses affixes to create new words with different meaning and/or category from its base; cliticization, a process of a word …
What are the 10 word formation processes?
They are Page 3 coinage, borrowing, compounding, blending, clipping, backformation, conversion, acronym, derivation, prefix and suffix, and multiple processes.
What are the examples of word formation?
Word formation in English
- Noun + noun. Examples are: master-piece, table-cloth, maid-servant, bread-winner, shoe-maker etc.
- Noun + gerund. Examples are: wool-gathering, snake-charming, bull-baiting, sooth-saying etc.
- Noun + adjective.
- Gerund + noun.
- Adverb + noun.
- Verb + noun.
- Adjective + noun.
- Present participle + noun.
What are the different types of word formations?
Types of Word Formation Processes
- Rhyming compounds (subtype of compounds)
- Derivation Derivation is the creation of words by modification of a root without the addition of other roots.
- Affixation (Subtype of Derivation)
Is LOL a word formation?
Coleman (2012) notes ‘LOL’, which is an initialism created from the phrase ‘laughing out loud’, as being a good example of a slang initialism. It can either be an abbreviation or an acronym, depending on whether you choose to spell the word out or pronouncing it like words typically are pronounced (Coleman, 2012: 39).
What are the 20 examples of prefixes?
20 Examples of Prefixes
|de-, dis-||opposite of, not||depose, detour, dehydrated, decaffeinated, discord, discomfort, disengage|
|un-||opposite||uncover, unlock, unsafe, unemployment|
|semi-||half||semicircle, semiprecious, semicolon, semifinal|
|re-||again; back||rewrite, reread, return|
|mid-||middle||midterm, Midwest, midstream, midway, midnight|