What is the meaning of conjugate in chemistry?
In chemistry, a conjugated system is a system of connected p orbitals with delocalized electrons in a molecule, which in general lowers the overall energy of the molecule and increases stability. It is conventionally represented as having alternating single and multiple bonds.
How many types of conjugation are there in chemistry?
Schematically, the three main forms of conjugation. (A) π-conjugation, (B) hyperconjugation which is conjugation between σ- and π-bonded segments, and (C) conjugation between σ-bonded segments, σ-conjugation.
What do you mean by conjugation?
1 : to give in prescribed order the various inflectional forms of —used especially of a verb. 2 : to join together. intransitive verb. 1 : to become joined together. 2a : to pair and fuse in conjugation (see conjugation sense 3a)
What are conjugated molecules in biology?
A conjugated protein is a protein that functions in interaction with other (non-polypeptide) chemical groups attached by covalent bonding or weak interactions. Many proteins contain only amino acids and no other chemical groups, and they are called simple proteins.
What does conjugation mean in biology?
Conjugation is the process by which one bacterium transfers genetic material to another through direct contact. During conjugation, one bacterium serves as the donor of the genetic material, and the other serves as the recipient. The donor bacterium carries a DNA sequence called the fertility factor, or F-factor.
What is difference between resonance and conjugation?
The key difference between resonance and π conjugation is that resonance refers to the stability of a molecule in the presence of delocalized electrons, whereas π conjugation refers to the concept of pi electrons being distributed throughout the entire area of a molecule rather than belonging to a single atom in the …
What is an example of a conjugate?
Conjugate means to join or unite two or more things or people together or to give different forms to a word to reflect a different person, voice or number. An example of conjugate is an official declaring two people married.
What do you mean by conjugated?
Definition of conjugated 1 : formed by the union of two compounds or united with another compound conjugated bile acids. 2 : relating to, containing, or being a system of two double bonds separated by a single bond conjugated fatty acids conjugated double bonds.
What are called conjugated?
What is Fimbriae microbiology?
Fimbriae are long filamentous polymeric protein structures located at the surface of bacterial cells. They enable the bacteria to bind to specific receptor structures and thereby to colonise specific surfaces.
What do you mean by conjugation in biology?
What is a conjugate in biology?