What is the anatomical term for teeth?

What is the anatomical term for teeth?

The term, “maxillary”, is given to teeth in the upper jaw and “mandibular” to those in the lower jaw. There are four classes of teeth: incisors, canines, premolars, and molars.

What are the 5 surfaces of a tooth?

The crown of each tooth has 5 surfaces, as follows:

  • Buccal (facing the cheek or lip)
  • Lingual (facing the tongue)
  • Mesial (between the teeth)
  • Distal (between the teeth)
  • Chewing (occlusal for molars and premolars, incisal for incisors and canines)

What are the 6 parts of a tooth?

The Basic Parts of a Tooth

  • The different parts of the tooth include the crown, its enamel, the gum line and root and the dentin and pulp inside the tooth.
  • This basic anatomy is the same for all teeth — including the incisors (the front teeth), the canines, premolars and molars (very back teeth).

What is the study of odontology?

the science dealing with the study of the teeth and their surrounding tissues and with the prevention and cure of their diseases.

What local anesthesia is used in dentistry?

Common local anesthetic drugs used in dentistry include lidocaine, articaine, prilocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine. These drugs impart a numbing effect that lasts for 30 to 60 minutes.

What is tooth number 12 called?

Number 12: 1st Bicuspid or 1st premolar. Number 13: 2nd Bicuspid or 2nd premolar. Number 14: 1st Molar.

What is the second last tooth called?

The last molars to erupt are wisdom teeth, or third molars, which usually come through between the ages of 17–21. These sit at the end of the row of teeth, in the far corners of the jaw. Some people do not have all four wisdom teeth, or the teeth may stay unerupted in the bone and never appear in the mouth.

What is distal and mesial?

Mesial – The forward side of the tooth. The mesial of the tooth is found on the “in between surface” of the tooth next to it. Distal – The back side of the tooth. Buccal – The cheek-side of the tooth. This surface is also referred to as the facial surface when referring to the front teeth.

Is tooth 5 anterior or posterior?

Anterior teeth therefore have surfaces numbered 1 to 4, and posterior teeth have surfaces numbered 1 to 5 (Fig. 1).

What are the 4 main parts of a tooth?

The tooth is attached to the underlying alveolar bone with fibers known as the periodontal ligaments. Each tooth is made up of the same four components: enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp.

What is the pulp of the tooth?

Dental pulp is the center part of a tooth comprised of connective tissue, blood vessels, and cells. If this gets infected it may become painful and need root canal therapy to salvage the tooth.