What is pinta disease?
Pinta is a rare infectious tropical disease affecting the skin that is caused by the bacterium Treponema carateum, which is transmitted by direct, nonsexual contact. Pinta progresses through three distinct stages, which are characterized by various skin lesions and discoloration. Other organ systems are not affected.
How is Treponematosis transmitted?
Transmission typically occurs via direct skin-to-skin contact of lesions, which are infectious. Bejel is transmitted skin to skin but can also be transmitted mouth to mouth and on fomites (eg, via shared eating utensils or cups).
What causes Bejel?
Bejel is a nonvenereal form of syphilis. It is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum endemicum, which is closely related to T. pallidum pallidum, the cause of sporadic (venereal) syphilis.
What is endemic syphilis?
Endemic syphilis is a disease that is common to dry, hot climates and to rural areas of poor economic status, education, and personal hygiene. [1, 2] Transmission occurs when skin or mucous membranes come in contact with infected skin lesions.
How do you treat spirochetes?
Treatment is with antibiotics such as doxycycline or penicillin. Spirochetes are distinguished by the helical shape of the bacteria….In severe illness, one of the following is recommended:
- Penicillin G 5 to 6 million units IV every 6 hours.
- Ampicillin 500 to 1000 mg IV every 6 hours.
- Ceftriaxone 1 g IV every 24 hours.
Where did syphilis originally come from?
Around 3000 BC the sexually transmitted syphilis emerged from endemic syphilis in South-Western Asia, due to lower temperatures of the post-glacial era and spread to Europe and the rest of the world.
Are spirochetes bacteria?
spirochete, (order Spirochaetales), also spelled spirochaete, any of a group of spiral-shaped bacteria, some of which are serious pathogens for humans, causing diseases such as syphilis, yaws, Lyme disease, and relapsing fever. Examples of genera of spirochetes include Spirochaeta, Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira.
What is secondary syphilis?
Later symptoms of syphilis Further symptoms may develop a few weeks after the initial symptoms have passed. This is known as “secondary syphilis”. Symptoms of secondary syphilis include: a blotchy red rash that can appear anywhere on the body, but often develops on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet.
Is bejel curable?
Bejel, also known as endemic syphilis, is a chronic but curable disease that is seen mostly in children in dry regions, such as parts of Africa (Sudan, southern Rhodesia, and South Africa), parts of the Middle East (among nomadic/Bedouin tribes of Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Syria), and parts of Asia (Turkey, southeast …
What are the symptoms of bejel?
Signs & Symptoms At the outset, children with bejel have patchy, slimy, ulcerations (lesions) on the mucous membranes, particularly in or near the mouth. Later, blisters appear on the back, arms, and legs. Further disease progression is indicated by infections of the bones, especially those of the legs.
Is syphilis 100% curable?
Is there a cure for syphilis? Yes, syphilis is curable with the right antibiotics from your healthcare provider. However, treatment might not undo any damage the infection can cause.
Can poor hygiene cause syphilis?
BACKGROUND. CAUSATIVE AGENTS. Syphilis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the spirochaete Treponema pallidum. Syphilis is usually transmitted by sexual contact or from mother to infant, although endemic syphilis is transmitted by non-sexual contact in communities living under poor hygiene conditions.