# What is automatic power factor control?

## What is automatic power factor control?

The power factor controller (PFC) is the control unit of an automatic capacitor bank system. It performs the switching of capacitors to reach a user-defined target cos ɸ.

### What is C K factor?

C/k is the sensitivity of the PF Controller. It is usually set equal to 2/3 of the current of the first capacitor step. It represents the threshold current value for the PF Controller to switch on or off a capacitor step. The C/k can be programmed from 0.050 to 1.00.

How do you adjust power factor?

The Power Factor Adjustment applies to: Electric Delivery Charge….How the Power Factor Adjustment is Calculated.

Example
The kilowatt demand during the interval of greatest use = 13.5 kW
Billed kW = 13.5 kW x 0.90 power factor / 0.87 power factor = 14.0 kW

What are the advantages of automatic power factor controller?

Advantages of using automatic power factor using GSM Reduction in power consumption leads to a reduction in greenhouse gasses. Reduction of electricity bills. Availability of extra KVA from the same existing supply. Reduction of I²R losses in transformers and distribution equipment.

## How is APFC calculated?

Suppose Actual P.F is 0.8, Required P.F is 0.98 and Total Load is 516KVA. Power factor = kwh / kvah. kW = kVA x Power Factor. = 516 x 0.8 = 412.8.

### What are the disadvantages of a low power factor?

• Large kVA rating of the equipment.
• Greater conductor size.
• Large copper losses.
• Poor voltage regulation.
• The reduced handling capacity of the system.
• The cost of station and distribution equipment is more for a given load.

What are the signs of a low power factor?

A low power factor operation results in excess burden on generators (increase KVA demand) and for the same power output at constant voltage value of current increases which leads to increase in conductor size hence increases the cost of transmission lines further due to excessive high current in transmission conductors …

Why CT is used in APFC panel?

Note that APFC panel can maintain the power factor on L.T side of transformer and it is necessary to provide fix compensation for Power transformer. In case there is no transformer in the installation, then the C.T for sensing power factor should be provided at the incoming of main switch of the plant.

## What is inside a APFC panel?

APFC Panel has microcontroller based programmable controller which switches the capacitor banks of suitable capacity automatically in multiple stages by directly reading the reactive load (RKVA) which works in the principle of VAR sensing tends to keep up the PF to 0.99 Lag.

### How capacitor banks improve power factor?

Capacitor Banks Improving power factor means reducing the phase difference between voltage and current. Since the majority of loads are of inductive nature, they require some amount of reactive power for them to function. A capacitor or bank of capacitors installed parallel to the load provides this reactive power.

What is the significance of poor power factor?

A poor power factor creates high voltage drops in the power distribution network. Generally, power suppliers penalize industries that operate power factors below the corresponding value. Power factor correction reduces power demand by consuming equipment and improves total power factor.