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## What is a mixed effects model for repeated measures?

Mixed models explicitly account for the correlations between repeated measurements within each patient. The factors assumed to have the same effect across many patients are called fixed effects and the factors likely to vary substantially from patient to patient are called random effects.

**Is repeated measures ANOVA a mixed model?**

Five Advantages of Running Repeated Measures ANOVA as a Mixed Model. There are two ways to run a repeated measures analysis. The traditional way is to treat it as a multivariate test–each response is considered a separate variable. The other way is to it as a mixed model.

**What are mixed models in SPSS?**

MIXED extends repeated measures models in GLM to allow an unequal number of repetitions. It also handles more complex situations in which experimental units are nested in a hierarchy. MIXED can, for example, process data obtained from a sample of students selected from a sample of schools in a district.

### What are mixed effects models used for?

Mixed effects models are useful when we have data with more than one source of random variability. For example, an outcome may be measured more than once on the same person (repeated measures taken over time). When we do that we have to account for both within-person and across-person variability.

**What does mixed effects model do?**

A Mixed Effects Model is a statistical test used to predict a single variable using two or more other variables. It also is used to determine the numerical relationship between one variable and others.

**What is repeated regression?**

The term repeated measures refers to experimental designs (or observational studies) in which each experimental unit (or subject) is measured at several points in time. The term longitudinal data is also used for this type of data.

#### What is the difference between a repeated measures ANOVA and a mixed design ANOVA?

While a ‘repeated-measures ANOVA’ contains only within participants variables (where participants take part in all conditions) and an ‘independent ANOVA’ uses only between participants variables (where participants only take part in one condition), ‘Mixed ANOVA’ contains BOTH variable types. In this case, one of each.

**Why is mixed model better than ANOVA?**

As implied above, mixed models do a much better job of handling missing data. Repeated measures ANOVA can only use listwise deletion, which can cause bias and reduce power substantially. So use repeated measures only when missing data is minimal. Repeated measures ANOVA can only treat a repeat as a categorical factor.

**What is a random effect in a mixed model?**

Random effects factors are fields whose values in the data file can be considered a random sample from a larger population of values. They are useful for explaining excess variability in the target.

## When would you use a mixed effect model?

Mixed Effects Models are used when there is one or more predictor variables with multiple values for each unit of observation. This method is suited for the scenario when there are two or more observations for each unit of observation.