What is a deck beam called?

What is a deck beam called?

What Is a Deck Girder? In deck construction, a girder (or a beam) is a board or a composite of more than one board that serves as a supporting structure for the deck joists, which meet it perpendicularly. Girders are like a frame for the joists.

What size should a deck beam be?

Dimensional Lumber Deck Beam Span Chart

Joist Spans
Southern Pine 3-2X8 10′-7″
3-2X10 12′-9″
3-2X12 15′-0″
Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir, Spruce-Pine-Fir, Redwood, Cedars, Ponderosa Pine, Red Pine 3X6 OR 2-2X6 5′-2″

What beams to use for deck?

There are two types of deck beams to consider: flush beams and drop beams. A drop beam is positioned under the joists to bear the weight of the frame. A flush beam is positioned at the same level as the joists. With a flush beam, the joists are attached to the beam using joist hangers.

Can I use 2X6 for deck beams?

For upper-level decks, 2×10 is recommended as the minimum size to use for strong guard post connections. 2×6 joists should only be used on ground-level decks that do not require, and will not provide for, any guards.

What are parts of deck called?

Components of the Deck

  • Footing. – Most decks begin by pouring concrete footings and attaching post anchors.
  • Post. – Posts are attached to the footings and hold the support beams up off the ground.
  • Beams.
  • Joist.
  • Ledgers and header joists.
  • Deck boards.
  • Drainage system.
  • Hidden fasteners.

How do you build a deck beam?

  1. Step 1: Stack and Square Deck Beams. Stack the three 2×10 beam members on top of each other with their crowns facing the same direction.
  2. Step 2: Cut and Attach Spacers.
  3. Step 3: Clamp and Screw Deck Beams Together.
  4. Step 4: Drill Holes for Bolts.
  5. Step 5: Tap in Bolts.

Can I use 6×6 for deck beam?

In a deck, the beam is the horizontal member that spans the posts (which are 6×6 in size, as we’ve pointed out before) anchored to a sonotube or screw pile for decks greater than 60cm in height, or decks attached to a building. The beams hold a lot of weight, and must be built to handle that.

What size beam do I need for a 12 foot span?

When supporting joists that span 12 feet with no overhang beyond the beam, a double ply beam can span in feet a value equal to its depth in inches. A double 2×12 beam can span 12 feet; a (2) 2×10 can span 10 feet and so on.

Can you use 2×8 for deck beams?

2×8 for joists will be fine, with 16″ OC. Should use 2×10 for beams but 2×8 will be fine as well. If you are worried you can triple the 2×8 for the beams but double will be sufficient. You should put the beams at 7 and 14 feet out from the house, with the piers you should do 3 per beam with spacing of 1, 7, 13.

How far can a 2×6 beam span on a deck?

24 inches
Decking Board Considerations Decking made of 2x4s or 2x6s can span up to 24 inches. If you will run decking at an angle, you might need to put the joists closer together.

What are the supports of a deck called?

Joists: The boards that act as support for the decking boards.

What is deck joist?

A decking joist is a repeated board used as the structural base for your deck frame that is attached to the ledger via galvanized joist hangers. Typically, joists run perpendicular to the house, while the decking on top runs parallel to the house.