# What are the grades of manual muscle testing?

## What are the grades of manual muscle testing?

Grading Scale Range: 0 to 5
0 None No visible or palpable contraction
1 Trace Visible or palpable contraction with no motion ( a 1 )
2 Poor Full ROM gravity eliminated
3 Fair Full ROM against gravity

Which grade of the power do you start for muscle power testing?

Grade 3 (Fair) : The patient can complete the motion against gravity with no resistance applied by the practitioner. When conducting manual muscle testing this is the level in which the testing begins.

Muscle strength is scored on a scale of 0 to 5. 0 – No contraction; the patient is unable to even contract the muscle. This is scored as a zero. 1 – No movement but slight visible/palpable muscle contraction is present; contraction without movement is scored as grade 1 strength.

### What is a 2+ MMT?

A patient is considered an MMT grade 2+ if they move through 50% or less in range during an anti-gravity position or is only able to maintain the position against resistance, but without gravity.

What does 3+ muscle strength mean?

Grade 3+ (Fair+): MMT grade 3+ is not quite middle of the road results. In this grade, a patient is able to perform complete range of motion with the addition of gravity and minimal resistance. Grade 3 (Fair;50%): Manual muscle testing grade 3 is considered the mid-range for muscle strength.

What test is for muscular strength?

The most commonly accepted method of evaluating muscle strength is the Oxford Scale (AKA Medical Research Council Manual Muscle Testing scale).

#### What does grade of muscle strength a grade of 4 indicate?

THE MMT Grades Guide Grade 4 (Good;75%): With a grade 4, patients can only successfully perform the full range of motion during testing with moderate pressure. Grade 4 is usually only given if a patient can perform with moderate-strong pressure on both sides, to ensure enough force was used on the tested limb.

What is break test in MMT?

Break testing in manual muscle testing, is when resistance is applied to the body part at the end of the available range of motion. It’s called the break test because when a therapist provides resistance the objective for the patient is to not allow the therapist to “break” the muscle hold.

How you will evaluate Oxford muscle grade?

The Oxford Scale This method involves testing key muscles from the upper and lower extremities against the examiner’s resistance and grading the patient’s strength on a 0 to 5 scale accordingly: Flicker of movement. Through full range actively with gravity counterbalanced. Through full range actively against gravity.

## What is the grading scale for manual muscle testing?

In addition, manual muscle testing grades can be further described using a numerical scale from 0 through 5. To further fine-tune grading, practitioners may also use + or – symbols to fine-tune the grading specific to their patient’s unique testing results.

What is the muscle power test?

This method involves the testing of key muscles in the upper and lower extremities. And then grading the power of specific muscle groups for example like in case of large joint muscles (hip or knee joint) or individual muscles for example like muscles of hands or feet in relation to the movement of a single joint on a 0 to 5 scale accordingly.

What are the grades of muscle strength/power as analyzed clinically?

Here are the grades of Muscle Strength/Power as analyzed clinically:- Normally tested muscles are shoulder abductors, elbow flexors, elbow extensors, wrist extensors, finger flexors, hand intrinsics, hip flexors, knee extensors, dorsiflexors, and plantar flexors.

### How is muscular strength evaluated?

Muscle strength is a common area evaluated when patient first come to rehabilitation. Most practitioners use manual muscle testing devices like hand held dynamometers to get results for muscle strength. These scores are then graded according to a guide published by the published by the National Institute of Health.