How did Judaism affect Africa?

How did Judaism affect Africa?

Jews from the Middle East arrived in Africa before A.D. 400, settling mainly in North African countries such as EGYPT and ALGERIA. Most worked as artisans, merchants, or laborers. In the late 1300s many Jews fled from Catholic Spain to Algeria, and in the 1600s and 1700s, Italian Jews joined them.

What is meant by pikuach nefesh?

Pikuach nefesh is the concept that saving a human life is more important than any mitzvot . It is belief in the sanctity of life . Life is holy and belongs to God, which means that only he can give it and only he can take it. Pikuach nefesh is an obligation for all Jews.

What is the ELCA position on abortion?

Abortion. The issue of abortion is a matter of contention within the ELCA. In a Social Statement adopted in 1991, the church set out its position on the matter as follows. The ELCA describes itself as “a community supportive of life”, and encourages women to explore alternatives to abortion such as adoption.

What does Africa mean in Hebrew?

The name Africa has been connected with the Phoenician word afar, which means “dust.” It has also has been connected to two Phoenician terms friqi or pharika, which means “land of corn or fruit.” It has also been hypothesized that Africa may have derived from a Phoenician root faraqa or faraq, meaning “separation or …

What is forbidden in Judaism?

Traditional Jews observe the dietary laws derived from the Book of Leviticus. These laws include prohibitions against the eating of meat and dairy products at the same meal, humane ritual slaughter of animals, and total prohibition against the eating of blood, pork, shell-fish and other proscribed foods.

Can Shabbat be broken?

The Talmud describes many instances when the laws of Shabbat can be broken in order to save a life. For example, on a Saturday, Jews are expected to rest and not carry out any work at all.

Does the Lutheran church support Lgbtq?

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the largest Lutheran church body in the United States, allows for LGBTQ+ marriage and ordination of LGBTQ+ clergy. ELCA policy states that LGBTQ+ individuals are welcome and encouraged to become members and to participate in the life of the congregation.